In a caste system ones place in the stratification system is an status


Caste systems

A caste system is a hierarchal social system that is occupation-based. Its a system that people are born into and can not move out of their social class. This system is based off of the Hindu religion.

Definition


A caste system is a hierarchy of social groups based on ascribed status. In a caste system, one’s place in the stratification system is an inherited status determined by birth into a particular caste. Once an individual is born into a particular caste, he or she generally cannot move outside of it. Although there may be mobility within each caste, movement from one caste to another is usually not possible.

The main characteristic of a caste system is the social stratification that exists within it. In Hinduism, the four principle castes are Brahmins (priests and scholars), Kshatriyas (warriors and rulers), Vaishyas (traders and business people), and Shudras (farmers and laborers). Each of these castes has sub-castes, which further define an individual’s place in society.

A key feature of caste systems is that they are closed systems. That is, one’s position in the system is determined by birth and cannot be changed. This is in contrast to open systems, such as those found in most Western societies, where one’s position in the social hierarchy is based on achievement.

Characteristics


A caste system is a type of social stratification that is characterized by endogamy, hereditary transmission of a style of life which often includes an occupation, status in a hierarchy, and customary social interaction and exclusion based on cultural notions of purity and impurity. The term “caste” has been used in several different ways:

-as a general category including various specific subdivisions such as classes, orders, or families.
-to refer to rich and poor divisions in societies with little or no formal stratification along other lines.
-to refer to Hindu Saṅghaṭanas, the fourfold Varna division of society in ancient India.
-to describe the separation of work, leisure, and residence into distinct strata sharing little interaction (“compartmentalization”).
In some societies caste statuses may be determined by economic class (wealth), by educational attainment, by holding political office or by renown achieved through heroic acts or artistic accomplishment.

Examples

There are many known examples of caste systems from around the world. Here are a few notable examples:

-The Indian caste system is perhaps the most well-known example of a caste system. The system was first developed over 2,000 years ago and is still in place today. There are four main castes, with hundreds of sub-castes underneath.

-The Japanese caste system was developed during the Edo period (1603-1868). There were four main classes – samurai, farmers, artisans, and merchants – with many sub-classes within each.

-The Korean caste system was also developed during the Joseon dynasty (1392-1910). There were three main classes – nobles, commoners, and slaves – with many sub-classes within each.

The role of status

A status is a social position that a person occupies. It is important to remember that a status is not just a rank or position that someone holds in a hierarchy, but rather a complex social position that is made up of a number of different elements.

Definition

Status is the social rank given to an individual by virtue of their position in the stratification system. The status an individual occupies may be ascribed—that is, assigned to them by virtue of birth or parentage—or achieved, earned through their own efforts.

Examples

To understand how status works in a caste system, it is helpful to look at some specific examples. In India, the caste system has been in place for many centuries. There are four main caste categories: Brahmins (priests and scholars), Kshatriyas (warriors and rulers), Vaishyas (traders and businesspeople), and Shudras (peasants and servants). Within each of these categories, there are subcategories, and each subcategory has its own specific status.

The Brahmin caste is at the top of the hierarchy. Brahmins are required to live a life of purity and learning, and they have the privilege of being able to read and interpret sacred texts. They also perform important religious ceremonies. The Kshatriya caste is second in the hierarchy. Kshatriyas are warriors and rulers. They are responsible for protecting society from invaders and maintaining law and order. The Vaishya caste is third in the hierarchy. Vaishyas are traders and businesspeople. They provide society with essential goods and services. The Shudra caste is at the bottom of the hierarchy. Shudras are peasants and servants. They do the hard physical labor that is necessary for society to function but they do not have access to education or high-status occupations.

How status affects one’s place in the caste system

The caste system is a form of social stratification where people are put into different social classes based on their occupation, social status, or birth. People in a higher caste have more power, prestige, and wealth than those in a lower caste. Your place in the caste system can affect your access to education, employment, and even your personal relationships.

Definition

Status is the position that an individual occupies in a social system. A person’s status has great bearing on how that person is treated by others in the system. An individual’s status is based on his or her relative ability, skills, and contributions in relation to others within the system.

Examples

In most caste systems, there are four main classes: the Brahmins (priests and scholars), the Kshatriyas (warriors and rulers), the Vaishyas (traders and businesspeople), and the Shudras (laborers and servants). There is often a fifth category, called the untouchables, consisting of people who are considered so impure that they are outside the caste system altogether.

Caste status is usually determined by birth, but it can also be affected by occupation, marriage, and personal achievement. For example, a Brahmin who takes up a job as a soldier would be demoted to the Kshatriya caste. Similarly, someone who marries outside of their caste would be ostracized by their community.


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