Neandertals lived in cold climates
Neandertals are an extinct species of hominin that lived in Eurasia during the middle to late Pleistocene periods. They are known to have possessed a number of cold-adapted traits, which suggest that they were well-suited to living in colder climates.
neandertals had cold-adapted traits
Neandertals lived in cold climates and had cold-adapted traits, which included slightly larger body size, shorter limbs, and a shorter and broader trunk. They also had a more robust skeleton, with thicker bones and muscles attached to them. Their skulls were larger and had more brow ridges than modern humans.
neandertals used fire to stay warm
There is evidence that Neandertals used fire to stay warm in cold climates. Neandertals had a number of cold-adapted traits, including a large brain case, short limbs, and a thick layer of subcutaneous fat. Large brains are expensive to maintain in terms of metabolism and would be a liability in cold climates if Neandertals did not use fire to stay warm. The use of fire would have allowed Neandertals to occupy colder climates than would have been possible without fire.
Neandertals were physically different from modern humans
Neandertals were physically different from modern humans in a variety of ways. They were shorter and stockier, with longer limbs and larger feet. Their skulls were flatter and had prominent brow ridges. They also had different teeth from modern humans.
neandertals had different DNA
Neandertals had a different DNA than modern humans, which made them physically different from us. They were well adapted to the cold, with a number of traits that helped them survive in colder climates. These included a more robust build, shorter limbs, and a larger braincase. They also had more body hair than we do, which would have kept them warm in cold weather.
neandertals had different skeletal features
Some of the skeletal features that distinguish Neandertals from modern humans are shown in the diagram below. These features are often thought to be adaptations to the cold, since they are found more often in populations in northern Europe and Asia than in those closer to the Equator.
-A large nose with flaring nostrils, which would have helped to warm cold air before it entered the lungs
-Cheekbones that jutted out from the face, possibly to help reduce heat loss from the sides of the head
-A receding chin, which may have helped to reduce heat loss from the lower part of the face
-A thick layer of subcutaneous fat, which would have helped to insulate against the cold
-Short, stocky bodies, which would have been more efficient at conserving heat than taller, thinner bodies
neandertals were adapted to their environment
Neanderthals are an extinct species of humans who lived in Europe and Asia until about 40,000 years ago. They are known to have had many traits that were adapted to the cold climate they lived in, including large bodies, thick bones, and low foreheads.
neandertals had large brains
Neanderthals had brains that were larger than ours. They also had a muzzle like projection at the top of their noses, large eyes, and Forward-sloping cheekbones. Their bones were heavy and thick, and their brows were prominent. All of these features are adaptations to the cold weather in Europe during the last Ice Age.
neandertals had large bodies
Neanderthals were large bodied, with an average male height of 164-168 cm (5 ft 5 in to 5 ft 6 in) and an average male weight of 68-72 kg (150-160 lb). Neanderthal bones were generally more robust than those of earlier fossil humans and later Homo sapiens, with particularly thick bone cortical bone. This robustness was most likely an adaptation to the cold climate in which they lived, as it has been found in recent human populations adapted to cold climates, such as the Inuit.
neandertals had short limbs
Neandertals are thought to have adapted to the cold by evolving shorter limbs, a large body and barrel-shaped chest. They also had a thick layer of subcutaneous fat, which would have helped to insulate them against the cold. Their bodies were so well adapted to the cold that they were actually less efficient in warm climates!